Young children between the ages of 6 months and 5 years have died and been injured in accidents involving recliner chairs. These injuries or deaths have usually occurred during unsupervised use or play, on or around a recliner chair.
These guidelines apply to all new and second–hand recliner chairs sold in NSW. There are no penalties for non–compliance, however, NSW Fair Trading may recall recliner chairs or issue a public warning under the law if an injury occurs.
Depending on the design of the recliner chair there can be an open gap created between the front edge of the chair and the edge of the footrest when the footrest is extended. A child can insert their head or body into this gap and possibly suffocate when the recliner closes. Fair Trading recommends there should be no gap between the edge of the seat and the edge of the footrest, using upholstery to completely cover possible gaps. However, if for design reasons there has to be a gap, it should not exceed 95mm.
Getting a child’s fingers caught in a recliner chair is more likely to occur where the metal bracket mechanism that supports the footrest has a sharp–angled edge. The scissor action of the mechanism can grab and trap fingers or toes as the footrest retracts. If the footrest is retracted with sufficient speed it can severely damage a child’s finger or even cut their finger off.
If there is a large cavity with a depth of 200mm or more under the seat when the footrest is extended, a young child could crawl into the cavity and possibly get seriously hurt if the footrest is accidentally closed.
Manufacturers and suppliers should supply chairs according to the following four guidelines.
Recliner chairs should not have gaps of 95mm or more as this would present a risk of head or body entrapment. Gaps can be tested using a 95mm spherical probe at a push force of 5kg applied to the probe to push it through the gap as set out in the Australian New Zealand Standard AS/NZS 2172:1:2003 Cots for household use – Safety requirements.
The chair would not trap a child's head if it has a mechanism to prevent accidental collapse of the footrest.
The footrest is considered to accidentally collapse if it collapses when it is opened, locked and then unlocked from each partly open and fully opened lockable position, a total of 1,000 times and a force of 60kg is applied to the centre of the footrest. Footrests that have gaps of more than 95mm but have a mechanism to prevent accidental collapse of the footrest are considered to have passed the head or body gap requirements of the guideline.
Chairs supplied for design reasons with gaps of 95mm or more must use methods that eliminate such gaps, such as completely covering any possible gaps with upholstery or using a crossbar that reduces the size of gaps when the chair is in the reclined position (see Diagram A on the next page).
A recliner bracket due to its sharp edge and scissor action as the footrest retracts, should not grab a child’s finger or toe.
This can be tested by placing a 7mm diameter HB pencil at an acute angle at the midpoint on the side of the bracket mechanism and quickly retracting the footrest.
If the pencil snaps, or is significantly marked, the bracket mechanism could cause serious injury. As a minimum requirement and where possible, fit plastic guards to both sides of the mechanism to limit access.
The recliner chair should not have a cavity with a depth of 200mm or more that occurs under the seat when the footrest is extended.
Diagram A (with mid-bar fitted) shows dimensional limits and the position of a mid–bar.
Diagram B (without mid–bar fitted)
Both diagrams show recliners that do not have a mechanism to prevent inadvertent collapse of the footrest.
It can be in the form of safety brochures or swing tags on the chair. A permanent safety warning label should be placed on the metal bracket mechanism of the footrest and clearly visible when the footrest is extended. The warning should read:
The wording ‘CAUTION’ in the American Furniture Manufacturer’s Association Guideline for recliner chairs is also acceptable.
Suppliers of repaired or reupholstered recliner chairs should:
Parents and carers should:
Owners of older reclining chairs should modify gaps greater than 95mm between the edge of the seat and the extended footrest. Ask the supplier or an upholsterer to attach a mid-bar and an upholstery flap or ‘chase’.
NSW Fair Trading
Consumer Protection Unit
Phone: 13 32 20
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